|Centenary Celebrations of N.W.F.P.||
|Date of Issue (March 23, 2003)||
West Frontier Province (NWFP), as its name denotes, is situated in the
north westerns part of Pakistan. It is the smallest province in terms
of area of the four provinces of Pakistan and the third largest in term
of population. The area is very diverse, comprising the high mountains
of Hindu Kush in the North and Indus plain in the South. NWFP, also covers
rich diverse ecological systems from snow forests covered mountains to
and rangelands. From the barren hills of the tribal areas to the fertile
lies between 31-15 to 36-55 north latitudes and 70-05 to 74-08 cast longitudes.
Its extreme length between these parallels is about 600 kilometres and
its extreme breadth between these meridians is about 400 kilometres. It
is bounded on the north and north west by Afghanistan, on the north east
by the Northern areas, on the east by Azad State of Jammu and Kashmir
and the Punjab province, on the south by Dera Ghazi Khan district of the
Punjab Province and in the west by the Federally Administered Tribal Areas
(FATA) across which lies Afghanistan. The total area of the province is
74,521 square kilometres.
It has been the cradle of Buddhist civilization, Ghandhara civilization (sixth Century BC). NWFP is regarded as western border of sub-continent and was traditionally trade route from Asia to India, through its passes have travelled many famous conquerors and explorers like Mahmood of Ghazna, Cyrus, Alexander the great, Tamuriane, emperor Babar, Nadir Shah and Ahmad Shah Abdali.
was a part of the Punjab ever since the occupation of Punjab in 1849 by
the British. In order to stop the tribal crisis and the revolts against
the Government of India, sporadic crisis of one tribe with another tribe
over the communication routes and for the removal of the British forces
for the advance position and employment of tribal forces for the defence
of tribal country and concentration of the British forces in the British
territory, it was decided by the Government of India to separate settled
districts of Kohat, Hazara, Peshawar, Bannu and transborder tracks which
lay between its administrative and Durand boundaries from the Punjab and
constitute it into a separate province to be headed by a Chief Commissioner.
It was also proposed to include the five political agencies - Malakand,
Khyber, Kurram, Tochi and Wana in the new Province.
NWFP was very much backward at the time of its formation. By now more
than 8 Universities in the public and 12 in the private sector are promoting
the cause of high learning. Medical, Agricultural and Engineering, Forest
Colleges are some of the notable professional colleges established in
the NWFP, G.I.K Institute at Topi, Swabi and Kohat University of Science
and Technology (KUST) are providing international standard education in
the field of Science and Technology. However the literacy rate of the
province is still below 50%.